Stone County Hospital


Diabetes is a common group of chronic metabolic diseases that cause high blood sugar levels in the body due to defects in insulin production. Symptoms of diabetes can include excessive thirst, hunger, urination, fatigue and blurry vision.

Type 2 Diabetes generally develops slowly, and people may not be diagnosed until some of the more serious symptoms appear such as a heart attack or numbness in the feet. This type of diabetes can develop gradually with age as the body stops being able to produce insulin effectively.

The A1C Test
The A1C test is a test that your doctor may use to determine if you have Type 2 Diabetes or how well it’s being managed. The A1C test can also predict the likelihood of someone developing Type 2 Diabetes. Your doctor may even diagnose you with prediabetes based on your test results. A normal A1C level is below 5.7 percent. If your levels are between 5.7 and 6.4 percent, then you may have prediabetes. If your A1C level is above 6.5 percent, you will most likely be diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes.

“What Can I Do?”
There are several things that you can do to help manage and even lower your A1C levels. You’ll need to make a plan, make changes to your diet and exercise.

A1C Management Plan
You’ll want to talk to your doctor to create a diabetes treatment plan that is specific to you and your body’s needs. Your plan may include medical instructions, your list of medications, your target blood sugar levels, instructions and information on how to test and how often and emergency contacts. Your plan may also include things like stopping smoking and stress management.

You are what you eat! You’ll want to develop a healthy eating plan that is naturally rich in nutrients and low in fat and calories to help manage your A1C levels. Foods like fruits, vegetables and whole grains are high in fiber which will help your body digest food and moderate your blood sugar levels. Heart-healthy fish is also a good option, as long as it’s not fried! Fish like tuna, salmon and halibut have less saturated fat and cholesterol than poultry and beef.

If part of your plan includes a weight loss goal, you may decide that it’s best to track what you eat. There are several online tools, including mobile apps that can help you with this! (Of course, writing everything down works, too. )

Increasing your activity is a great way to help lower your A1C levels, and keep them down for good. Walking is an easy place to start and probably the most prescribed method of exercise. Your doctor may recommend a brisk 50-minute walk three times per week. You can also check out yoga. Studies have shown that yoga helps to lower body fat, fight insulin resistance, improve nerve function, help to maintain balance and lower stress.

If you have questions about diabetes and A1C management, the doctors at Stone County Hospital & Family Medical Center are here for you. We accept most major insurances including, but not limited to, Medicare, Medicaid, TriCare, Blue Cross/Blue Shield, Cigna, Aetna, HealthSpring, First Choice and Humana.

Stone County Hospital is a critical access hospital that proudly serves the patient population in Wiggins, Picayune, Lumberton, and Lucedale. We hope to be your number one choice for acute care, family care, trauma care, emergency care, and much more. We are located at 1434 E. Central Avenue, Wiggins, MS 39577. Please call us at 601.928.6600 to schedule an appointment.